In the previous blog, Did science prove Jesus wrong on the age of the earth?, we concluded that the world laughs at the ‘nonsense’ of a 6,000 year old earth according to the Bible. Yet the ‘scientific’ age of 4,55 billion years for the earth, according to radioactive dating, might not be as correct as people think. Today we want to show that radio carbon-14 (14C) dating also does not prove that the earth is old.
# What is 14C (carbon) dating?
- 14C is a type of carbon that is produced in the upper layers of the troposphere and the stratosphere (upper atmosphere) by thermal neutrons absorbed by nitrogen atoms. The 14C mixes with ‘normal’ 12C (the ‘normal’ carbon 12) as a small percentage. There is one atom of 14C per one trillion atoms of stable carbon (12C). 1
- Both of these carbon forms enter plants and trees through photosynthesis. When herbivores eat the plants, and carnivores eat the herbivores, the two kinds of carbon enter their tissues.
- When a plant or animal dies the 14C begins to decay back to nitrogen-14. This changes the 12C/14C ratio over time. Scientists can measure the ratio of the two types of carbon and determine how long ago the plant or animal lived.
- Researches can only do 14C dating on carbon-based materials like fossils of plants, animals, coal and diamonds (they also use 14C dating in archaeology).
- The half-life of 14C is 5,730 years. It means that after ten half-lives there will be almost no detectable 14C left. Therefore if there is 14C in a specimen it must be younger than 57,300 years. Opinions vary, but the uppermost age that can be determined by 14C dating can’t be more than 70-80,000 years. 2
# Coal and diamonds dated by 14C
- Coal. Coal is the remnants of plant material, supposedly formed from forests that were swamped and became fossilised over millions of years. Researchers decided to test the age of coal. They tested coal samples that were acquired from government researchers in such a way as to minimise contamination.
- The coal samples tested were supposed to be 50-300 million years old. If that was true, there should be no 14C left. The tests were done with the sensitive accelerator mass spectrometer. All the samples tested still contained 14C. 3
- Diamonds. Diamonds formed from carbon, high pressure and high temperatures. They are supposed to be more than 2 billion years old. Because they are so hard, they are impermeable to outside contamination of 14C. All the samples tested still contained 14C. 4
- There should be no Carbon-14 in such ‘old’ specimens. It disproves the billions/millions of years. Does the public hear about these anomalies? Not a chance! They try to keep it under wraps to protect the creation myth of Darwinian evolution over billions of years from contradiction.
- Wikipedia, Carbon-14
- AA Snelling, Earth’s Catastrophic Past, Volume 2, Institute for Creation Research, 2009, p 855-864
- J Baumgardner, 14C Evidence for a recent global flood and a young earth, in L Vardiman, A Snelling, E Chaffin, Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth, Vol II, Institute for Creation Research, El Cajon, CA, 2005, cited by J Sarfati, The Greatest Hoax on Earth, Creation Book Publishers, 2010, p 191,192; J Morris, The Young Earth, Master Books, 2007, p 66; J Morris, The Young Earth, Master Books, 2007, p 66
- J Morris, The Young Earth, Master Books, 2007, p 67
In a previous blog, ‘Did Jesus know when creation happened?’ we discussed Jesus’ comment about the ‘beginning.’ According to the Old Testament the earth was created about 6,000 years ago. Logically the world laughs at that. They claim the earth’s age was scientifically determined as 4,5 billion years. So what if radioactive dating (by which the age of the earth was determined) is true and Jesus is wrong?
# The science of radioactive dating
There are certain isotopes of elements that spontaneously decay into other elements (radioactive isotopes). The original ‘parent’ element changes over time into the ‘daughter’ element. The time it takes for this exchange (the half-life) has been determined (it differs for different elements). Scientists can measure the rate of decay of the ‘parent’ into the ‘daughter’ element in a given rock. From that they work out the presumed age of the rock. 1 Let’s look at some problems with radioactive dating:
# Problems with radioisotope decay
- Since nobody was around to measure the amounts of ‘parent’ and ‘daughter’ elements when a rock was formed, no one can be sure about the following:
- Was there no daughter element present at the beginning?
- Did no contamination take place during the decay process that could influence the parent daughter ratio?
- Were there no changes in the decay rate? Decay rates have only been measured for about 100 years. 2
- These problems are said to be overcome by the isochron method, but it also has its problems. 3
# Problems to find the oldest rocks
It was assumed that meteorites that fell on earth were the same age as the earth. Patterson calculated the age of meteorites with radioisotope dating as about 4.55 billion years.4 That is generally accepted as the ‘true’ age of the earth. He assumed that the meteorites were the same age as the earth, but there is no way to know for sure.
# Problems due to assumptions
When rocks with known dates were tested, the results were wrong:
- Mount St Helens erupted in 1980. In 1986 rocks that formed from a new dacite lava dome were dated. With the potassium-argon method the age was determined as approximately 0.35 million years. Constituent minerals yielded ages of up to 2.8 million years. 5
- Five andesite lava flows from Mt Ngauruhoe in New Zealand of 1949, 1954 and 1975 were dated. It gave dates of 0.27-3.5 million years. 6
- Relatively young lava at the border of Uganda, Zaire and Rwanda in East Africa was dated with the rubidium-strontium straight line isochron. The results were 773 million years. 7
# Facts to remember
- For Darwinian evolution to be true, millions and billions of years are necessary. Nothing will be allowed to interfere with the ‘old earth.’
- Darwinian evolution is the modern creation myth. People cling to it because they trust that it protects them from accountability to God. It is so vital to them that the ‘reality’ of Darwinian evolution is non debatable. It is a fact, established, proven, solid science. For this reason no evidence against it will ever be accepted.
- The public doesn’t hear about the problems with radioactive dating. They only hear that the age of the earth, rocks and fossils have been proven scientifically and the earth is billions of years old.
- So, if anyone believes Jesus knew, according to the Old Testament, that the earth was young, be prepared that you will be labeled as an ignoramus or illiterate backwoodsman who wants to take society back to the Dark Ages and undo all the advantages of science.
In the next blog we want to look at carbon-14 dating. Many people think it supports an old age.
- Richard Dawkins, The Greatest Show on Earth, Bantam Press, 2009, p 91-98
- J Sarfati, The Greatest Hoax on Earth, Creation Book Publishers, 2010, p 186-190; J Morris, The Young Earth, Master Books, 2007, p 48-54; AA Snelling, Earth’s Catastrophic Past, Volume 2, Institute for Creation Research, 2009, p 800-802
- AA Snelling, Earth’s Catastrophic Past, Volume 2, Institute for Creation Research, 2009, p 797-864
- CC Patterson, Age of Meteorites and the Earth, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1956, 10:230-237, cited by T Walker, Western Culture and the Age of the Earth, Technical Journal 19(2), 2005, p 46-50
- SA Austin, 1996, Excess argon within mineral concentrates from the new dacite lava dome at Mount St. Helens volcano, Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal, 10(3); 335-343, cited by AA Snelling, Earth’s Catastrophic Past, Volume 2, Institute for Creation Research, 2009, p 804
- J Sarfati, The Greatest Hoax on Earth, Creation Book Publishers, 2010, p 193
- G Faure, Principles of Isotope Geology, 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1986, p 145-147, cited by T Walker, Radioactive Dating Methods, Ways they make the conflicting results tell the same story, Creation 32(4), 2010, P 30,31
The world we live in today generally hates God. It promotes material success, to live for yourself, do whatever pleases you and that you can disregard the Bible because it is full of mistakes.
Yet truth and reality as Jesus revealed it, includes the invisible world and life after death. 2 Corinthians 4:18b says, ‘…what is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal.’ In this blog we want to show that we don’t need to believe the devil’s lies about God and Scripture.
# God has an enemy.
- Most leaders, kings, presidents and prime ministers throughout history had enemies who tried to topple them and foment unrest.
- God’s enemy is the devil, Satan, that ancient serpent that leads people astray with lies about the Bible, God and His eternal Kingdom. 1
# Scripture reveals Satan’s character.
- Cain was the first human being who belonged to the devil. He refused to listen to God, murdered his brother and went out from the presence of God. 2
- ‘Satan rose up against Israel and incited David….’ 3
- ‘For we wanted to come to you – certainly I, Paul, did, again and again – but Satan stopped us.’ 4
- ‘Those who oppose him [the teacher of the truth] he must gently instruct, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth, and that they come to their senses and escape from the trap of the devil [Satan], who has taken them captive to do his will.’ 5
# Satan’s deceptions in the world
- The devil has mounted a massive propaganda offensive to keep people away from the truth and convince them that God is an illusion.
- He promotes other ‘gods’ like aliens and UFO’s, the church of the Jedi, Zen, alternative ‘spiritualities,’ witchcraft, or whatever.
- He presents an alternative creation account to Genesis 1. It is the ‘creation account’ of the world. It explains that all things came from nothing and go to nothing. Therefore there is nothing to live for since there is nothing after death. What a massive lie!
- The devil encourages the activity of atheists and other groups or organisations to hate a God they have never seen.
What we see in the world shows us that there is an invisible spirit who lies about God and Scripture. People on their own cannot keep a war against the unseen God going for ages. The world shows us what the Bible tells us, ‘As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins, in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.’ 6 The many ‘strange’ ideologies that people embrace should strengthen our faith that the Lord and His Revelation, the wonderful Bible, is truth.
- Revelation 12:9
- Genesis 4;1-16; 1 John 3:12
- 1 Chronicles 21:1
- 1 Thessalonians 2:18
- 2 Timothy 2:25-26
- Ephesians 2:1-2