Can we shift the blame for our actions like Adam?

At the last judgment, when all people will appear before the Judgment Seat, no person will be able to shift the blame. Even if they appeal to God that the devil deceived them, they will still be responsible. Everyone will individually give an account to God for what they did while alive.

The most decisive event in the history of the world happened in the garden of Eden.  It shaped the world we live in.  The devil, that ancient serpent or Satan who leads the whole world astray,1 convinced Adam and Eve to disobey God.  When God confronted them, Adam shifted the blame to Eve and Eve to the serpent.

# How did God handle it?

He accepted Adam and Eve’s blame shifting, but held them responsible for their disobedience.  When it came to the serpent, God condemned him to slither on his belly and eat dust.  Yet He did not expressly address the personality behind the actions of the serpent, the devil.

#  Why did God flatly ignore him?  

The devil had already been judged.  He was in heaven as one of God’s created angels.  He saw God in His glory, served Him and yet rebelled.  The serpent is beyond salvation.  At the end of this age he will be thrown in hell and spend eternity there.

#  God gave His attention to Adam and Eve.  

They were made in His image.  People had the potential to become His children, part of His Kingdom and part of the Bride of His Son, Jesus.  Therefore God clothed Adam and Eve in animal skins, signifying their sins are forgiven.  It is humans who will again enter Eden when Jesus, the Lamb of God, opens the way.

#  What do we learn from Genesis 3?  

  • God holds people responsible even if they try to shift the blame.  We have a free will.  We can decide if we want to follow God, the King of the Kingdom of Light.  When we reject Him we remain in Satan’s kingdom of darkness.
  • At the last judgment, when all people will appear before the Judgment Seat, no person will be able to shift the blame.  Even if they appeal to God that the devil deceived them, they will still be responsible.  Everyone will individually give an account to God for what they did while alive.


The Holy Spirit prepares all people who chose to follow Jesus, for the glorious coming eternal life with God.  The devil walks around like a roaring lion seeking who he can devour.  However, God equipped us with the necessary weapons and armor to withstand the devil’s wiles.  When we are in God’s glorious presence, the devil will be something of the past.

Note: Scripture says, ‘…man is destined to die once, and after that to face judgment….’ 2 Does it mean followers of Jesus will be judged?  Weren’t our sins annulled?  I believe we will be at the judgement as a testimony to Jesus’ wonderful sacrificial death on our behalf; to demonstrate to unbelievers how the grace of Jesus transformed people’s lives.


  1. Revelation 9:12
  2. Hebrews 9:27

How Jesus changed

The two different Greek words for ‘Lamb’ demonstrate that the Bible was inspired by the Holy Spirit.

The Bible teaches that God never changes.  Since God and Jesus are one, 1 we expect that Jesus does not change.  Yet in a sense, He did change.

A.  As God on earth

#  He was the sacrificial Lamb.

He died for the sins of the whole world.  John the Baptist announced Him as such, ‘Look, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.’ 2  Jesus fulfilled Isaiah 53:7-8, ‘He was led like a sheep to the slaughter, and as a lamb before the shearer is silent, so He did not open His mouth.  In His humiliation He was deprived of justice….’

#  He was the Passover Lamb.

The word for paschal lamb in Exodus 12:5 is the same as the one in John 1:29.  It was illustrated that Jesus was the Lamb of God because He was sacrificed on Passover day. 3  At the Exodus the lamb died in the place of the first born son and saved him from death.  When Jesus was ‘sacrificed’ on the cross, He died in our place to save us from eternity in the lake of fire.

#  He was the resurrected Saviour.

The resurrected Jesus was only on earth for forty days.  During that time He spoke to His disciples about the Kingdom of God. 4

B.  Now in heaven

#  He is the ‘new, changed’ Jesus.

In Revelation 5:1-5 we meet Him again, the resurrected Son of God who has been restored to HIs former glory.  Now, however, He is different.  He is the mighty Conqueror, the only one who can inaugurate the Kingdom of God.  Look at the miracle and logic of Scripture:

#  He is the One who opens the scroll.

In John’s vision there was a scroll for the end time.  Yet nobody could open it.  John cried bitterly.  Then an angel announced these magnificent, glorious words, ‘…See, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has triumphed.  He is able to open the scroll and its seven seals.   Then I saw a Lamb….’ 5

#  He is a different Lamb.

In Revelation the word ‘Lamb’ has a different meaning than in John 1:29.  Jesus will never again be sacrificed.  As the Passover Lamb, Jesus delivered us from sin.   The ‘new’ Lamb in heaven brings eternal deliverance from the kingdom of darkness.  That is why the Greek word for Lamb differs in the book of Revelation. 6


The two different Greek words for ‘Lamb’ demonstrate the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.  If the Bible was the product of ordinary human beings, would they have had the insight to be so precise to distinguish between the functions of the pre- and post- resurrected Jesus?  We doubt.


  1. John 10:30
  2. John 1:29
  3. John 2:13; 1 Corinthians 5:7
  4. Acts 1:3
  5. Revelation 5:5-6
  6. For more information, S Zodhiates, Editor, The Hebrew-Greek Key Study Bible, Baker Book House, 1988
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