Did Jesus know when creation happened?

We want to ask an interesting question in this blog: when Jesus was on earth, did He know when creation happened?  It is rather logical that He did, as He created the sun, moon and stars, the timekeepers (the New Testament repeats three times that Jesus is the Creator 1).  Let’s look at what Scripture reveals.

#  Jesus’ references to the age of the earth

  • When they questioned Him about marriage, He answered “Haven’t you read…that at the beginning the Creator made them male and female.…” 2
  • In Mark 13:19 He said, ‘Pray that this will not take place in winter [the coming persecution], because those will be days of distress unequalled from the beginning, when God created the world….’

#  If Jesus referred to the ‘beginning’ twice, did He know when it all began?

  • As a Jew, Jesus knew the Old Testament Scriptures very well.  To illustrate it, He was twelve years old when His parents left Him, by mistake, in Jerusalem after the Passover.  When they went back to look for Him, they found Him in the temple, ‘…sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions.’ 3  By the time His active ministry began at the age of 30, He must have known a lot more. The Jewish Scriptures, the 39 books of the Old Testament, provide the date of creation.

#  The date of creation

Let’s look what the Old Testament reveals about the age of the earth:

  • Daniel’s prophecy in chapter 9:24.  Basically the Holy Spirit revealed to Daniel that from the crucifixion of Jesus backwards to the decree to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem was 483 years. 4
  • The exile in Babylon lasted 70 years. 5
  • The times of the kings of Judah were about 390 years.
  • It was 480 years from the building of the temple by Solomon till the Exodus. 6
  • Backwards from the Exodus to the covenant with Abraham was 430 years. 7
  • From Noah to Abraham was 427 years.
  • The combined lifespans from Adam to the flood was 1,656 years.  Genesis 5:3-32; 9:29; 11:10-26 give the ages of the patriarchs.  The genealogies were very important to show the human bloodline of Jesus: born of a woman, Son of Adam, Son of God. 8  (After Jesus the New Testament no longer gives genealogies.  When you are spiritually reborn by the Holy Spirit, God becomes your Father.  Your human genealogy isn’t necessary for God’s records.)
  • If you add up those dates, the creation happened around 4,000 years before Christ. 9

#  We live about 2,000 years after Jesus.

  • The 4.000 years before Christ plus the 2.000 years after Christ add up to 6.000 years.  Therefore Biblical chronology shows that the heavens and earth were created about 6,000 years ago.
  • The secular world and many theologians ridicule that date.  They accept the findings of ‘science:’ the earth is 4, 5 billion years old.
  • Their opinion of Jesus and the age of the earth is the same as that of the teachers of the law, Pharisees and others who called Jesus’ disciples, ‘…unschooled ordinary men.’ 10

#  Conclusion

The Old Testament reports thousands of years.  It does not mention millions or billions of years anywhere.  In Psalm 90:4 it is written, ‘…a thousand years in your sight are like a day that has just gone by.’  From this it is obvious that the idea of millions or billions of years does not come from the Bible, but from an outside source.  Not even eternity is measured in billions of years, because there are no timekeepers in eternity.11


  1. John 1:3, Colossians 1:16, Hebrews 1:2
  2. Matthew 19:4
  3. Luke 2:46
  4. Nehemiah 1,2
  5. Daniel 9:2
  6. 1 King 6:1
  7. Exodus 12:30
  8. Luke 3:23-38
  9. NB!  The above dates are a very abbreviated version according to FN Jones in his book, The Chronology of the Old Testament, Master Books, 1993-2005.  There are other similar books like Usher’s and Thiele’s.  Since it requires an intensive study, we only summarised the main points.
  10. Acts 4:13
  11. Revelation 21:23; 22:5

The Bible has 66 books

Sometimes followers of Jesus forget that the Bible has 66 books.  They think that the Old Testament is old and of no value.  So they only concentrate on the New Testament.  Therefore they describe themselves as ‘New Testament Christians.’  What do they mean by that?  Basically they consider the Old Testament as part of an ancient revelation that has no bearing on today’s followers of Jesus.  So they can disregard it.

Please note:  We refrain as far as possible to talk about ‘Christians’ since the term has become very malleable.  People do what they want, live as they please, and then claim they are ‘Christians.’  The terms ‘Followers of Jesus’1 or ‘People of the Way’ 2 are more precise.  Jesus said, ‘I am the Way, the Truth and the Life.’ 3  Thus both ‘follower of Jesus,’ and ‘people of the Way’ refer to disciples of Jesus, ‘… the Author and Perfecter of our faith.’ 4

Why did God give us two Testaments?

Logically a shorter Bible would have been very nice, easy to read, and probably easier to understand.  Yet there are some logical reasons for the Old Testament.

The two Testaments explain who Jesus is and why He came.

  • It is the Old Testament that gives us His genealogy, the preparation for His coming and the reason He came.  Genesis 3:15 already promised that He would come.  We can trace the genealogy of Jesus from Adam, Abraham, David and many others.
    • Why is the genealogy of Jesus important?  It teaches that Jesus is not only the Son of God, but also the Son of Man.  That is why He can forgive people’s sins and restore us to God the Father. 5
    • Without the Old Testament witness, the devil might object to God why he cannot be forgiven also?  If Jesus was only the Son of God He might have been obliged to redeem the devil and his fallen angels.  But as fully Son of Man He only redeemed man.  Since the demons are not human they were not redeemed.
    • Jesus took ‘…the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness.’ 6   Without the information of the Old Testament, it would be illogical to say that Jesus became a man.  God is a God of logic.  Thus the Old Testament is very important with its background information in history.
    • In an age of growing unbelief, it is important to show that the Bible is not ‘religion.’  It is reality.  Jesus is not just some mythical figure.  Because His ancestors were real historical persons, He is real, alive and well and sits at the right hand of God the Father in glory and majesty.
  • The New Testament reveals that Jesus was co-creator with God and the Holy Spirit. 7  Thus the Trinity, God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit were all involved in creation.
  • The Old Testament and the New Testament agree about the central doctrines.  For example the resurrection.  Many people think it is a New Testament teaching. No, the book of Daniel already mentions it, ‘Multitudes who sleep in the dust of the earth will awake: some to everlasting life, others to shame and everlasting contempt.’ 8

Types link the two Testaments.

A type is a picture which God gives to teach us some important facts.  It is not just a story.  A type is a real event that happened, but it is also a picture of some future event.  There are many types in the Old Testament that point to Jesus and link the Old Testament to the New.  Please note that these types again rule out a human origin for the Bible.

  • Joseph was a type of Christ.  He was rejected by his brothers, suffered unjustly and became a ruler.  There is no mention of any sin Joseph committed.
  • Abraham and Isaac were a type of God the Father who would sacrifice His Son on our behalf.  With Isaac’s sacrifice, God provided a ram.  It demonstrates that we don’t have to die for our own sins.  God would provide the substitute, Jesus.
  • The tabernacle and temple are a type of God’s presence among His people.  God appeared to Adam, Noah, Abraham and Moses.  He spoke to them, but when the Israelites came out of Egypt, God wanted a visible dwelling place among them.  So He instructed Moses how they had to construct the tabernacle.  It was a very precise plan, because it pointed to Jesus who would come and tabernacle among people. 9
  • The sacrifices and priesthood.  The lamb is another picture that we continually meet throughout Scripture.  God made clothes of animal skins for Adam and Eve.  So He probably killed innocent animals that died in their place.  That is why Abel’s sacrifice of a lamb from his flock was acceptable to God.  Besides the many sacrifices throughout the Old Testament, we meet the Passover Lamb again in 2 Corinthians  5:7, ‘…For Christ, our Passover Lamb has been sacrificed.’

The two Testaments show that God is faithful.

The big question today for many is whether they can trust God, especially when it comes to problems?  The Old Testament history testifies to God’s faithfulness.

  • God promises Abraham a country, ‘The whole land of Canaan, where you are now an alien, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God.’ 10
  • Because the Jews were unfaithful, they were exiled.  God brought them back.  Then they were again exiled and banished from their land after the fall of Jerusalem in 70 AD by the Romans under Titus.  The land was basically ‘expropriated’ from them.  Yet in 1948 the miracle happened and it became their country again.
  • This shows us that God fulfilled His promise to Abraham.  The reason the world hates Israel is that they show that God keeps His promises.


The Old Testament in particular teaches us in history that the united Trinity, God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit are real, faithful and we can trust them completely.


  1. Revelation 17:14
  2. Acts 9:2; 19:9; 22:4; 24:14,22
  3. John 14:6
  4. Hebrews 12:2
  5. Colossians 1:15-23
  6. Phillipians 2:7
  7. John 1:2; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 1:2
  8. Daniel 12:2
  9. John 1:14
  10. Genesis 17:8

God and women’s rights

Many people have written books and articles that accuse God that He does not care about women.  They contend that Scripture suppresses them and regards them as inferior, et cetera, et cetera.  The problem with those people is usually a lack of Bible knowledge.  Scripture says, ‘…pay attention to what I [God] say; listen closely to my words…’ 1  That means,

  • You have to read the Bible very carefully, otherwise you might jump to your own conclusions and not discern God’s character.
  • God is only revealed in the 66 books of the Holy Bible.  Information from outside the Bible is just that, information or personal opinions that often don’t accord with what Scripture reveals about God’s character.
  • Let us look at what an easily missed Old Testament portion teaches about God’s attitude towards women.

God’s attitude towards women

  • There are many ‘Christians’ who claim that they are ‘New Testament’ Christians.  For them, the Old Testament is of no use at all.  Where they get that idea, nobody knows.
  • Jesus, the Author and Perfecter of our faith was an Old Testament scholar.  He, the omniscient Son of God, quoted from the Old Testament because it was relevant to what He taught (of course the New Testament was not yet written).
  • The Holy Spirit never threw the Old Testament into the dustbin.  It is part of God’s revelation to us.  So, what does the Old Testament teach about women’s ‘rights?’

Zelophehad and his five daughters

We meet Zelophehad from the tribe of Manasseh in Numbers 27:1.  He had five daughters who were so special to God that the Old Testament mentions their names (Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah and Tirzah) four times in Numbers 26:33; 27:1; 36:11; Joshua 17:3.  1 Chronicles 7:15 also mentions them.

They had an interesting history.

  • Their father, Zelophehad, died without sons.1  According to the law at that time, daughters could not inherit land.  As members of the tribe of Manasseh, they refused to be deprived of their right to an inheritance.
  • They approached the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and stood before Moses, Eleazar the priest, the leaders and the whole assembly. 2  There they stated that their father died because of sin and had no sons.
  • They thought it unfair that their father’s portion of the promised land should be lost, since they could not inherit land.  Their plea for justice was, ‘Give us property among our father’s relatives.’ 3

Moses discussed the issue with God.

God’s answer was fair and without favoritism, ‘What Zelophehad’s daughters are saying is right.  You must certainly give them property as an inheritance among their father’s relatives and give their father’s inheritance over to them.’ 4  Scripture is clear, ‘This is to be a legal requirement for the Israelites, as the Lord commanded Moses.’ 5

Five daughters who insisted on their rights

When it was time for the allotment of the different tribes, the five daughters went to Eleazar the priest, Joshua and the leaders, and said, ‘The Lord commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our brothers.’ 6  Joshua obeyed, ‘Manasseh’s share consisted of ten tracts of land besides Gilead and Bashan east of the Jordan, because the daughters of the tribe of Manasseh received an inheritance among the sons….’ 7

The lesson?

  • The lesson of Zelophehad’s daughters carries through to the New Testament.  In God’s Kingdom men are not superior to women, ‘There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.’ 8
  • Peter also writes, inspired by the Holy Spirit, ‘Husbands, in the same way be considerate as you live with your wives, and treat them with respect as the weaker partner and as heirs with you of the gracious gift of life, so that nothing will hinder your prayers.’ 9


Godly women need never fear that they will ‘inherit an inferior portion’ to men on the new heavens and earth.  Our wonderful Lord will see to it.


  1. Proverbs 4:20
  2. Numbers 27:1
  3. Numbers 27:2
  4. Numbers 27:4
  5. Numbers 27:5
  6. Numbers 27:11; Numbers 36:1-11
  7. Joshua 17:4
  8. Joshua 17:6
  9. Galatians 3:28
  10. 1 Peter 3:7