Science and human evolution

Has science proven that humans evolved from some ape-like ancestor? Guy Harrison believesDevelopmental genes

50 Questions

human evolution is based on solid science and hard evidence. Yet, to put fossils (from apes to people) in a line, presupposing it proves evolution is fallacious.  ‘[M[ost hominid fossils, even though they serve as a basis for endless speculation and elaborate storytelling, are fragments of jaws and scraps of skulls.’ 1

 

Developmental biology should be able to give us some insight. Paul Nelson described the problem for evolution as follows:

  • Animal body plans are built in each generation by a stepwise process, from the fertilised egg to the many cells of the adult. Think about genetic circuitry, almost like that of electric diagrams. The ape-like ancestor (with its specific circuit) must evolve into a human being (with its specific circuit).
  • To evolve the new body plan of the human, mutations must occur early in development.
  • All experiments have proven that early mutations are guaranteed to cause the death of the embryo. 2

 

This has led to what is called the Great Darwinian Paradox: mutations that are needed early to ensure evolution, cause the death of the embryo. Mutations late in embryonic development cause only superficial changes. 3

 

Davidson and Britten, after years of painstaking research, talk about the ‘developmental gene regulatory networks,’ which control the development of the embryos of organisms. These cannot vary without causing catastrophic effects to the organism. 4

 

The conclusion we can draw from scientific research is:

  • Each kind of organism (humans included) has a unique genetic makeup, with its own genetic circuitry.
  • Body plan formation cannot tolerate mutations early in development of the embryo. Evolution from an ape-like ancestor to a human is impossible.
  • Besides that, it takes about 216 million years for only two mutations to be fixed, making the supposed evolution of ape-like creatures to humans impossible.5

 

Conclusion

The extreme difficulty encountered when attempting to transform one organism [an ape-like creature] into another….still functional one [a human] lies in the difficulty in resetting a number of the controlling switches in a manner that still allows the individual’s orderly (somatic) development.’

The take away message from that quote is: evolution is impossible.

 

One can claim that Christians oppose evolution. Then one should add that science also opposes human evolution. People’s belief in evolution is based on faith in Darwin, not on facts. This includes Guy Harrison.

 

 

References

  1. SJ Could, The Panda’s Thumb: More Reflections in Natural History, WW Norton & Company, 1980, p 126, cited by C Luskin, Science & Human Origins, A Gauger, D Axe & C Luskin, Location 746 of 2460.
  2. Paul Nelson, cited by SC Meyer, Darwin’s Doubt, HarperOne, 2013, p 262,263.
  3. JF McDonald, The Molecular Basis of Adaptation, p 93, cited by SC Meyer, Darwin’s Doubt, HarperOne, 2013, p 262.
  4. Britten & Davidson, Gene Regulation for Higher Cells, p 57, cited by SC Meyer, Darwin’s Doubt, HarperOne, 2013, p 265.
  5. R Durrett & D Schmidt, Waiting for Regulatory Sequences to appear, Annals of Applied Probability 17 (2007): 1-32, cited by A Gauger, D Axe, C Luskin, Science & Human Origins, Discovery Institute Press, 2012, kindle location 362 of 2460.
  6. B Wallace, Adaptation, Neo-Darwinian Tautology, and Population Fitness, p 70, cited by SC Meyer, Darwin’s Doubt, HarperOne, 2013, p 260.
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