Babylon truly was a great city. It had massive walls, grand palaces and beautiful gardens. According to history and archaeology it really is an architectural gem. Nebuchadnezzar did not exaggerate when he said,
‘Is not this the great Babylon I have built as the royal residence, by my mighty power and for the glory of my majesty?’ Daniel 4:30
Nebuchadnezzar was reprimanded for his pride. Daniel previously warned him and he spent seven years among the wild animals till he came to his senses.
Likewise God also made a prediction about the city itself,
‘Babylon, the jewel of kingdoms, the glory of the Babylonians’ pride, will be overthrown by God like Sodom and Gomorrah. She will never be inhabited or lived in through all generations. No Arab will pitch his tent there, no shepherd will rest his flocks there.’ Isaiah 13:19-20
This warning was repeated,
‘Babylon will be a heap of ruins, a haunt of jackals, an object of horror and scorn, a place where no one lives.’ Jeremiah 51:37,53,58
God’s powerful word never fails. The Medes and Persians destroyed the Babylonian empire in 539 BC. In the days of Alexander the Great and the Romans, Babylon was still occupied. Then it was left in obscurity and was slowly covered in sand and dust.
Robert Koldewey and a team of German archaeologists excavated it between 1899 and the First World War. The Ishtar Gate of Babylon was transported to Germany. There it was reconstructed at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.
As surely as God’s prediction about the fall of Babylon came true, as surely we can trust that the revelation He gave to Jesus, as recorded in the book of Revelation, will happen.